“There’s a lot more to being a good basketball player than being tall and there’s a lot more to being a good thinker than having a high IQ.” David Perkins, Harvard School of Education
When it comes to making good decisions, a high IQ alone doesn’t guarantee success or protect us from bad judgment. Scientific studies confirm what the media showcases on a daily basis: There are plenty of foolish, smart people, and intelligence is a poor predictor of “good thinking.”
Our brains process information in two ways: intuitively and deliberately. Intuition serves us well when choosing a mate or when faced with something in which we have a lot of experience. But ‘shooting from the hip’ can get us in trouble when we overvalue our intuitive tendencies, and fail to use deliberate reasoning to consciously solve problems.
As an illustration of how rational-thinking ability differs from intelligence, researchers at Yale School of Management, led by Shane Fredrick put 3 questions to 3,400 students. Only 17% answered all 3 correctly. Test your powers of reasoning and see how well you do.